Short essay on Tuberculosis for medical students Tejaswi Si Advertisements: This disease occurs all over the world. However, the incidence is more in tropical countries that have dirty living conditions and overcrowding.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. Compared with other diseases caused by a single infectious agent, tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, a tuberculosis epidemic rampaged throughout Europe and North America, before the German microbiologist Robert Koch discovered the microbial causes of tuberculosis in Indeed, at one point, the United Nations, predicted that tuberculosis TB would be eliminated worldwide by However, in the mids, TB cases began to rise worldwide, so much so, that inthe World Health Organization WHO declared that TB was a global emergency ; the first time that a disease had been labeled as such.
Fast facts on tuberculosis Here are some key points about tuberculosis. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. The World Health Organization estimates that 9 million people a year get sick with TB, with 3 million of these "missed" by health systems TB is among the top 3 causes of death for women aged 15 to 44 TB symptoms cough, fevernight sweats, weight loss, etc.
TB usually affects the lungs, although it can spread to other organs around the body. Doctors make a distinction between two kinds of tuberculosis infection: Latent TB - the bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state.
They cause no symptoms and are not contagious, but they can become active. Active TB - the bacteria do cause symptoms and can be transmitted to others. There is a 10 percent chance of latent TB becoming active, but this risk is much higher in people who have compromised immune systems, i.
TB affects all age groups and all parts of the world. However, the disease mostly affects young adults and people living in developing countries. In80 percent of reported TB cases occurred in just 22 countries. Diagnosis of tuberculosis TB is most commonly diagnosed via a skin test involving an injection in the forearm.
To check for TB, a doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to the lungs and check for swelling in the lymph nodes. The most common diagnostic test for TB is a skin test where a small injection of PPD tuberculin, an extract of the TB bacterium, is made just below the inside forearm.
The injection site should be checked after days, and, if a hard, red bump has swollen up to a specific size, then it is likely that TB is present. Unfortunately, the skin test is not percent accurate and has been known to give incorrect positive and negative readings.
However, there are other tests that are available to diagnose TB. Blood tests, chest X-rays, and sputum tests can all be used to test for the presence of TB bacteria and may be used alongside a skin test.
It is also difficult to diagnose regular TB in children. Treatments for tuberculosis The majority of TB cases can be cured when the right medication is available and administered correctly.
Antibiotics are usually required to be taken for a relatively long time. The standard length of time for a course of TB antibiotics is about 6 months.
TB medication can be toxic to the liver, and although side effects are uncommon, when they do occur, they can be quite serious. Potential side effects should be reported to a doctor and include:Tuberculosis is spread from one individual, who has an active tuberculosis infection, to another through the air, and hence it is an airborne disease.
When the tuberculosis infected person cough or sneeze, the tuberculosis mycobacteriums are released to the air which are inhaled by the other peoples and thus lead to spread of the disease. May 26, · View and download tuberculosis essays examples.
Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your tuberculosis essay. Essay Paper #: Tuberculosis, commonly abbreviated as TB and known throughout historical literature as consumption, is an infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria.
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is a bacterial species that is pathogenic and is responsible for most cases of tuberculosis in man. It belongs to the Mycobacteriaceae family, which hosts other species of mycobacteria such as Mycobacterium bovis responsible for TB in cattle. Opinion essay - homelessness essay writing and useful summary of tuberculosis: research papers, evolution, quiz questions, had stagnated at the bell jar.
Learn exactly what is . This essay will focus on the issue of Tuberculosis in the United Kingdom especially in the London area. It will explain why the rate of tuberculosis is higher in London compared to the other major cities in the UK.
[tags: public health] - Summary Tuberculosis is today one of the most spread infectious human diseases, being caused by a. Essay on History of Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease known since antiquity and evidence of spinal TB in the form of fossil bones dates back to around BC.