Categories of perception[ edit ] We may categorize perception as internal or external.
Notes Abstract This essay surveys the development and current state of electronic literature, from the popularity of hypertext fiction in the 's to the present, focusing primarily on hypertext fiction, network fiction, interactive fiction, locative narratives, installation pieces, "codework," generative art and the Flash poem.
It also discusses the central critical issues raised by electronic literature, pointing out that there is significant overlap with the print Experimentation critique essay.
At the same time, the essay argues that the practices, texts, procedures, and processual nature of electronic literature require new critical models and new ways of playing and interpreting the works. Because this essay is the first systematic attempt to survey and summarize the fast-changing field of electronic literature, artists, designers, writers, critics, and other stakeholders may find it useful as an overview, with emphasis on recent creative and critical works.
And you don't know how to look because you don't know the names. Katherine Hayles opens the aperture more widely and the angle differs slightly as well. Experimentation critique essay electronic literature "primer" is a wide-ranging essay that takes the pulse of the e-literature field at this particular moment, reminding us that "literature" has always been a contested category.
While both Hayles and Tabbi agree on many points and cover some of the same territorythere are also some interesting differences between the essays.
Katherine Hayles is largely concerned with defining a field, Joseph Tabbi is concerned more with defining the possibility and conditions of literature's persistence in digital environments.
The authors pitch their respective 'approaches' to different audiences; each seems to have a different sense of what needs to be done first — critique digital literary works Hayles or define the conditions for the emergence of possible digital literary works Tabbi.
Both strike me as equally important. And most of us in the Electronic Literature Organization believe that the two critical orientations represented work together.
In short, you can't have one without the other, and you can't have anything at all without the pragmatic, writerly tactics employed in the 'Two Bits' essays already online in the ELO library.
Brother Paul, the precentor in charge, had detected a murmur from the back row and, furious that the rule of silence was being compromised, strode down the aisle just in time to see Brother Jacob tuck something under his robe.
When he demanded to see it, Brother Jacob shamefacedly produced a codex, but not one that the antiquarii of this monastery had copied — or of any monastery, for this Psalter was printed.
Shocked as much by the sight of the mechanical type as Brother Jacob's transgression, Brother Paul so far forgot himself that he too broke the silence, thundering that if books could be produced by fast, cheap and mechanical means, their value as precious artifacts would be compromised.
Moreover, if any Thomas, Richard or Harold could find his way into print, would not writing itself be compromised and become commonplace scribbling? And how would the spread of cheap printed materials affect the culture of the Word, bringing scribbling into every hut and hovel whose occupants had hitherto relied on priests to interpret writing for them?
The questions hung in the air; none dared imagine what answers the passing of time would bring. This fanciful scenario is meant to suggest that the place of writing is again in turmoil, roiled now not by the invention of print books but the emergence of electronic literature.
Just as the history of print literature is deeply bound up with the evolution of book technology as it built on wave after wave of technical innovations, so the history of electronic literature is entwined with the evolution of digital computers as they shrank from the room-sized IBM machine on which I first learned to program sporting all of 4K memory to the networked machine on my desktop, thousands of times more powerful and able to access massive amounts of information from around the globe.
The questions that troubled the Scriptorium are remarkably similar to issues debated today within literary communities.
Is electronic literature really literature at all? Will the dissemination mechanisms of the Internet and World Wide Web, by opening publication to everyone, result in a flood of worthless drivel?
Is literary quality possible in digital media, or is electronic literature demonstrably inferior to the print canon? What large-scale social and cultural changes are bound up with the spread of digital culture, and what do they portend for the future of writing?Quantitative Research Article Critique Essay - Quantitative Research Article Critique This paper is an academic critique of an article written by Lautrette, et al.
() titled: “A Communication Strategy and Brochure for Relatives of Patients Dying in the ICU” and accurately reflected the content of the article and the research study itself.
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If some of the weirder psi suppression theories are right, psi should actually be easier to study by conducting personal experiments than by trying to study or do public science, especially if you precommit yourself to not telling anyone about the results.
Back in , the Knight-Ridder newspaper chain began investigating piracy of Dave Barry’s popular column, which was published by the Miami Herald and syndicated widely.
Religion & Morality A Contradiction Explained. French Sociologist Émile Durkheim observed that religion was the root of science. Religion, he said, was the first human attempt to . A losing game into each other’s hands, Whose stakes are vice and misery. — Percy Bysshe Shelley, “Queen Mab” WHEN I LEFT LOS ANGELES in the summer after 9/11 to study creative writing in.
A losing game into each other’s hands, Whose stakes are vice and misery. — Percy Bysshe Shelley, “Queen Mab” WHEN I LEFT LOS ANGELES in the summer after 9/11 to study creative writing in. Edward B. Tylor’s Primitive Culture articulates one of two major theories of culture to emerge around His theory defines culture in descriptive terms as the “complex whole” that makes up social ideas and institutions, and in this it helped to establish anthropology as a recognized science. If some of the weirder psi suppression theories are right, psi should actually be easier to study by conducting personal experiments than by trying to study or do public science, especially if you precommit yourself to not telling anyone about the results.