Visit Website The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events:
Early YearsEuropeans were fighting heavily on two fronts before the U. This assurance was confirmed in the week following the assassination, before William, on July 6, set off upon his annual cruise to the North Capeoff Norway. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife SophieAustrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, riding in an open carriage at Sarajevo shortly before their assassination, June 28, When the delivery was announced, on July 24, Russia declared that Austria-Hungary must not be allowed to crush Serbia.
Though Serbia offered to submit the issue to international arbitration, Austria-Hungary promptly severed diplomatic relations and ordered partial mobilization.
Home from his cruise on July 27, William learned on July 28 how Serbia had replied to the ultimatum. At once he instructed the German Foreign Office to tell Austria-Hungary that there was no longer any justification for war and that it should content itself with a temporary occupation of Belgrade.
But, meanwhile, the German Foreign Office had been giving such encouragement to Berchtold that already on July 27 he had persuaded Franz Joseph to authorize war against Serbia.
War was in fact declared on July 28, and Austro-Hungarian artillery began to bombard Belgrade the next day. Russia then ordered partial mobilization against Austria-Hungary, and on July 30, when Austria-Hungary was riposting conventionally with an order of mobilization on its Russian frontier, Russia ordered general mobilization.
On July 31 Germany sent a hour ultimatum requiring Russia to halt its mobilization and an hour ultimatum requiring France to promise neutrality in the event of war between Russia and Germany.
Both Russia and France predictably ignored these demands. On August 1 Germany ordered general mobilization and declared war against Russia, and France likewise ordered general mobilization.
The next day Germany sent troops into Luxembourg and demanded from Belgium free passage for German troops across its neutral territory. On August 3 Germany declared war against France. In the night of August 3—4 German forces invaded Belgium. Thereupon, Great Britainwhich had no concern with Serbia and no express obligation to fight either for Russia or for France but was expressly committed to defend Belgium, on August 4 declared war against Germany.
Romania had renewed its secret anti-Russian alliance of with the Central Powers on February 26,but now chose to remain neutral. Italy had confirmed the Triple Alliance on December 7,but could now propound formal arguments for disregarding it: Thenceforth, they could be called the Alliedor Entente, powers, or simply the Allies.
The outbreak of war in August was generally greeted with confidence and jubilation by the peoples of Europe, among whom it inspired a wave of patriotic feeling and celebration. The war was welcomed either patriotically, as a defensive one imposed by national necessity, or idealistically, as one for upholding right against might, the sanctity of treaties, and international morality.
Page 1 of World War I was the first big war of the 20th century. It started with an assassination and involved more countries than any war before it.
Many European countries made agreements with each other and fought for four years. 9 million soldiers and 6 million civilians lost their lives in the war.
World War One Essay Examples. total results. The History of World War One and Its Features. 2, words. 4 pages.
An Analysis of the German People's Struggle During the World War One and the Start For the Totalitarian Nazi Party by Hitler. 1, words. 3 pages. World War One or The Great War' as it became known, occurred due to many causes, some of which still remain unexposed today.
The obvious trigger for the war was the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on 28th June This form of nationalism came about during the decolonization of the post war periods. It was a reaction mainly in Africa and Asia against being subdued by foreign powers.
It was a reaction mainly in Africa and Asia against being subdued by foreign powers. World War 1, the conflict which submurged the world between and left a massive mark on the 20th century, and shaped the world in which we live in today.
Never before has nation clashed with one another on such a grand scale.
World War I was a major conflict fought in Europe and around the world between July 28, and November 11, Nations from across all non-polar continents were involved, although Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary dominated.