Show all Libraries and archives The British Library Endangered Archives Programme's aim is to contribute to the preservation of archival material that is in danger of destruction, neglect or physical deterioration world-wide. British Library Endangered Archives Programme Online archive on diplomatic history, regional security issues, and nuclear history. The Atlantic Database Network is an open access data repository of information on the identities of enslaved people in the Atlantic World. It includes the names, ethnicities, skills, occupations, and illnesses of individual slaves.
When he stepped down, seventeen years later, Sierra Leone was a one-party state. Parliament was An analysis of physical regions in sierra leone, judges were bribed, and the treasury was bankrupted to finance pet projects that supported insiders.
With the state unable to pay its civil servants, those desperate enough ransacked and looted government offices and property. Even in Freetown, important commodities like gasoline were scarce. But the government hit rock bottom when it could no longer pay schoolteachers and the education system collapsed.
BySierra Leone was ranked as one of the poorest countries in the world, even though it benefited from ample natural resources including diamonds, gold, bauxite, rutile, iron ore, fish, coffee, and cocoa.
First, the highly unequal benefits resulting from diamond mining made ordinary Sierra Leoneans frustrated. The RUF used funds harvested from the alluvial diamond mines to purchase weapons and ammunition from neighboring Guinea, Liberia, and even SLA soldiers.
For instance, gold mining was prominent in some regions. Even more common was cash crop farming through the use of forced labor.
Looting during the Sierra Leone Civil War did not just center on diamonds, but also included that of currency, household items, food, livestock, cars, and international aid shipments. For Sierra Leoneans who did not have access to arable land, joining the rebel cause was an opportunity to seize property through the use of deadly force.
More than twenty years of poor governance, poverty, corruption and oppression created the circumstances for the rise of the RUF, as ordinary people yearned for change. After being forced to join, many child soldiers learned that the complete lack of law — as a result of the civil war — provided a unique opportunity for self-empowerment through violence and thus continued to support the rebel cause.
However, in many cases, this was followed by much looting and theft after the villagers were evacuated. With morale low and rations even lower, many SLA soldiers discovered that they could do better by joining with the rebels in looting civilians in the countryside instead of fighting against them.
By mid, the two opposing sides became virtually indistinguishable. For these reasons, civilians increasingly relied on an irregular force called the Kamajors for their protection. Kamajors A grassroots militia force, the Kamajors operated invisibly in familiar territory and was a significant impediment to marauding government and RUF troops.
The Kamajors clashed with both government and RUF forces and was instrumental in countering government soldiers and rebels who were looting villages. However, the Kamajors became corrupt and deeply involved in extortion, murder, and kidnappings by the end of the conflict.
Soon the government was unable to pay both its civil servants and the SLA. As a result, the Momoh regime lost all remaining credibility and a group of disgruntled junior officers led by Captain Valentine Strasser overthrew Momoh on 29 April By the end ofmany observers thought that the war was over because for the first time in the conflict the Sierra Leone Army was able to establish itself in the Eastern and the Southern mining districts.
The NPRC government also had a motivation for allowing the war to continue, since as long as the country was at war the military government would not be called upon to hand over rule to a democratically elected civilian government. In just ten days of fighting, EO was able to drive the RUF forces back sixty miles into the interior of the country.
Abidjan Peace Accord The Abidjan Peace Accord mandated that Executive Outcomes was to pull out within five weeks after the arrival of a neutral peacekeeping force.
The main stumbling block that prevented Sankoh from signing the agreement sooner was the number and type of peacekeepers that were to monitor the ceasefire. However, in Januarythe Kabbah government — beset by demands to reduce expenditures by the International Monetary Fund — ordered EO to leave the country, even though a neutral monitoring force had yet to arrive.
By the end of Marchthe peace accord had collapsed. Armed Forces Revolutionary Council Freetown, Sierra Leone After the departure of Executive Outcomes, the credibility of the Kabbah government declined, especially among members of the SLA, who saw themselves being eclipsed by both the RUF on one side and the independent but pro-government Kamajors on the other.
Without hesitation and encountering only light resistance from SLA loyalists, 5, rag-tag rebel fighters marched miles and overran the capital. Koroma then appealed to Nigeria for the release of Foday Sankoh, appointing the absent leader to the position of deputy chairman of the AFRC.
Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Following the Lome Peace Agreementthe security situation in Sierra Leone was still unstable because many rebels refused to commit themselves to the peace process.
AfterDDR camps became increasingly effective and by they had collected over 45, weapons and hosted over 70, former combatants.
At that time the maximum number of troops to be deployed was set at 6, Only a few months later, though, in Februarya new UN resolution authorized the deployment of 11, combatants.The Sierra Leone civil war began in with the attacks of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), led by former army corporal Foday Sankoh, on government military and civilian targets.
Sierra Leone - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses Nov 09, | USD The departure of the UN's local mission in March marked the end of more than 15 years of international peacekeeping operations in the country.
The Sierra Leone Police under Bambay Kamara's leadership, was accused of physical violence, arrest and intimidation against critics of President Momoh's government. The Republic of Sierra Leone is composed of four regions: the Northern Province, Southern Province, Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
In this lesson, we will explain the most common statistical procedure in the field of psychology, the analysis of variance (ANOVA), in a way that's. The Out-of-school Children of Sierra Leone August UNICEF, Sierra Leone.
2 The Out-of-school Children of Sierra Leone Acknowledgements The consultant wishes to express her appreciation to the United Nation’s Children’s Fund for physical and/or sexual abuse, neglect and exploitation. Sierra Leone has four physical regions: the coastal-swamp region along the Atlantic, a flat, low-lying, frequently flooded plain 20 to 40 miles (32 to 64 km) wide; the Sierra Leone Peninsula, the site of Freetown and a region of thickly wooded mountains that rise from coastal swamps to an e.