Tharisapalli plates granted to Saint Thomas Christians by South Indian Chera ruler Sthanu Ravi Varma testify that merchant guilds and trade corporations played a very significant role in the economy and social life during the Kulasekhara period of Kerala, India. The inscription shown, is a Sanskrit invocation of Lord Shiva.
Early history[ edit ] Archaeological discovery shows that " Nanjing Man " lived in more than thousand years ago. Zuna kind of wine vessel, was found to exist in Beiyinyangying culture of Nanjing in about years ago.
Since then, the city experienced destruction and renewal many times. Nanjing was later the capital city of Danyang Prefecture, and had been the capital city of Yangzhou for about years from late Han to early Tang.
Stone sculpture of the southern dynasties is widely considered as the city's icon. Shortly after the unification of the region, the Western Jin dynasty collapsed. First the rebellions by eight Jin princes for the throne and later rebellions and invasion from Xiongnu and other nomadic peoples that destroyed the rule of the Jin dynasty in the north.
During the period of North—South divisionNanjing remained the capital of the Southern dynasties for more than two and a half centuries. During this time, Nanjing was the international hub of East Asia.
The city of Nanjing was razed after the Sui dynasty took over it. Jiankang's textile industry burgeoned and thrived during the Song dynasty despite the constant threat of foreign invasions from the north by the Jurchen -led Jin dynasty. The court of Da Chua short-lived puppet state established by the Jurchens, and the court of Song were once in the city.
The city wall was built in the 14th century and is the longest in the world. The first emperor of the Ming dynastyZhu Yuanzhang the Hongwu Emperorwho overthrew the Yuan dynasty, renamed the city Yingtian, rebuilt it, and made it the dynastic capital in The present-day City Wall of Nanjing was mainly built during that time and today it remains in good condition and has been well preserved.
It is believed that Nanjing was the largest city in the world from to with a population ofin His successor, the Hongxi Emperorwished to revert the relocation of the imperial capital from Nanjing to Beijing that had happened during the Yongle reign. Hence, Nanjing still had itself imperial government with extremely limit power before Besides the city wall, other famous Ming-era structures in the city included the famous Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum and Porcelain Toweralthough the latter was destroyed by the Taipings in the 19th century either in order to prevent a hostile faction from using it to observe and shell the city  or from superstitious fear of its geomantic properties.
The Tomb of the King of Boniwith a spirit way and a tortoise stelewas discovered in Yuhuatai District south of the walled city inand has been restored.
Beset by factional conflicts, his regime could not offer effective resistance to Qing forces, when the Qing army, led by the Manchu prince Dodo approached Jiangnan the next spring.
Under the Qing dynasty —the Nanjing area was known as Jiangning and served as the seat of government for the Viceroy of Liangjiang.
Nanjing was threatened to be invaded by British troops during the close of the First Opium Warwhich was ended by the Treaty of Nanjing in Both the Qing viceroy and the Taiping king resided in buildings that would later be known as the Presidential Palace.
When Qing forces led by Zeng Guofan retook the city ina massive slaughter occurred in the city with overestimated to have committed suicide or fought to the death.with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud.
The economy of India is a developing mixed economy. It is the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).
The country ranks th in per capita GDP (nominal) with $2, and nd in per capita GDP (PPP) with $7, as of After the economic liberalisation, India achieved % average GDP growth annually.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Nov 23, · TITLE TOPICS_POSTS_STATISTICS Last post; Civil Aviation Discussions about factual events happening in the airline and general aviation industries.
If it's happening in commercial aviation, you'll get the information and opinions here first. Bali, the famed Island of the Gods, with its varied landscape of hills and mountains, rugged coastlines and sandy beaches, lush rice terraces and barren volcanic hillsides all providing a picturesque backdrop to its colourful, deeply spiritual and unique culture, stakes a serious claim to be paradise on earth.
With world-class surfing and diving, a large number of cultural, historical and. Sep 12, · Find essays and research papers on Login at vetconnexx.com We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community.